Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

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Archive for dicembre 2008

Striking Deep Into Israel, Hamas Employs an Upgraded Arsenal

Posted by gaetanoditommaso su 31 dicembre, 2008

WASHINGTON — By firing rockets deep into Israeli territory, the militant Palestinian group Hamas has in recent days displayed an arsenal that has been upgraded with weapons parts smuggled into Gaza since it seized control of the territory 18 months ago, according to American and Israeli officials.

For Hamas, a group largely confined to a sliver of land along the Mediterranean Sea, attacking Israeli cities with a rocket barrage has proved an effective strategy to reduce the advantage of Israel’s expensive arsenal of fighter jets and warships. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Posted in Conflittualità, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

In Dense Gaza, Civilians Suffer

Posted by gaetanoditommaso su 31 dicembre, 2008

GAZA — A dentist stood at the bed of a doctor, his good friend Ehab Madhoun, 32, who had just died, his shrapnel-pitted body wrapped in a white shroud.

The day before, Dr. Madhoun, a general practitioner, was in an ambulance responding to an Israeli strike at the Jabalya refugee camp in northern Gaza. Another missile hit the ambulance. The driver, Muhammad Abu Hasira, died instantly. Dr. Madhoun lingered for a day, dying of his wounds on Wednesday in the intensive care unit of Shifa Hospital, where hundreds of people have been brought since Israel began its heaviest assault on Gaza in three decades. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Il Quartetto, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Children of Gaza and the Psychological Effects of Israeli Strikes

Posted by Alessandro Accorsi su 31 dicembre, 2008

Gaza, Asharq Al-Awsat – Ghassan Al Neemat attempted in vain to calm his son, Ahmed, aged 6, in the middle of the night, and sought to convince him that it was safe to stay at home as the child was adamant that he and his parents should go to his aunt’s house in nearby Barakat al Wazz. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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La guerra ad Hamas ad una svolta

Posted by giacomofinzi su 31 dicembre, 2008

da:Repubblica http://www.repubblica.it/2008/12/sezioni/esteri/medio-oriente-44/fase-due/fase-due.html

La guerra di Israele ad Hamas ha raggiunto un passaggio di svolta. Nelle prossime ore si capirà se il piano militare già pronto per un’invasione di terra verrà messo in atto. La tregua umanitaria di 48 ore proposta dalla Francia per il momento è stata respinta da Israele. Per accettare un cessate-il-fuoco, il governo e i militari di Israele vorrebbero vedere Hamas in ginocchio dopo un colpo serio alla sua capacità militare. Al quinto giorno di bombardamenti, l’aeronautica israeliana di fatto ha esaurito la lista degli obiettivi principali; gli aerei, gli elicotteri, i droni delle IDF continueranno a controllare dall’alto la Striscia di Gaza, a colpire obiettivi non ancora raggiunti, ma la fase della guerra aerea si può dire che sia sostanzialmente chiusa. 

Il ministro della Difesa Ehud Barak, il vero capo supremo dell’operazione militare, ha chiesto che il premier Olmert e il ministro degli Esteri Tzipi Livni discutessero la possibilità di tregua. Naturalmente dovrà essere una tregua nei termini di Israele, che metta Hamas nelle condizioni di una inferiorità strategica decisiva. Secondo Barak Ravid, il corrispondente militare di Haaretz, Israele avrebbe ha fatto avere a Sarkozy quattro punti irrinunciabili: 1) Cessate-il-fuoco definitivo di tutti i razzi Qassam e di ogni altro ordigno su Israele; 2) bloccare ogni attività terroristica, smantellando tutti i tunnel alla frontiera e bloccando bombe alla frontiera; 3) interruzione di ogni contrabbando di armi; 4) creazione di un apparato di sorveglianza (una missione internazionale?) per verificare il rispetto di Hamas dei suoi obblighi. 

Israele con la campagna a Gaza vuole creare una condizione di sicurezza totalmente diversa per lo Stato di Israele nella sua regione meridionale. 

In verità per il momento è difficile credere che una tregua del genere possa essere raggiunta; tutti sanno in Israele che il doloroso passo dell’invasione di terra potrebbe essere inevitabile, per non lasciare incompiuta l’operazione militare avviata sabato scorso. Questa volta l’esercito di Israele si è preparato ad affrontare un’ala militare di Hamas che da tempo è diventata un piccolo esercito guerrigliero. 

I capi di Hamas sfidano Israele ad entrare nella Striscia di Gaza, dove bombe-trappola e miliziani suicidi sono pronti ad accogliere le IDF. Ieri i giornali israeliani hanno pubblicato il profilo degli uomini che guidano l’esercito di Hamas: l’uomo che ha riorganizzato l’esercito integralista è il suo comandante, Ahmed Jaabari. E’ il comandante che progressivamente ha trasformato le numerose cellule terroristiche su cui era basata l’ala militare di Hamas in piccole unità militari pronte a compiere, appunto, azioni militari. Le “brigate” di questo esercito sono l’unità settentrionale comandata da Ahmed Ghandur, quella di Gaza City sotto il controllo di Raed Saad, l’area centrale della Striscia comandata da Ayman Nofel (che attualmente però è in carcere in Egitto), l’unità di Khan Yunis comandata da Mohammed Sinwar e la zona meridionale comandata da Mohammed Abu Simala. 

Negli ultimi mesi Hamas ha fatto entrare a Gaza un grande quantitativo di armi, di esplosivi, adatti soprattutto alla guerra anti-carro. Secondo l’intelligence israeliana delle vere e proprie trappole esplosive assai potenti sono state piazzate su tutte le principali strade che carri armati israeliani Merkava potrebbero percorrere in caso di invasione. 

L’altro ieri, nel dibattito parlamentare alla Knesset, Ehud Barak l’ha detto chiaramente: “Sappiamo che la realtà non è mai come ce la siamo immaginata, ma in guerra è sempre meglio prepararsi bene, e noi ci siamo preparati”. Ed è certo che l’ex capo di stato maggiore, l’ex leader delle forze speciali israeliane sappia bene come e quando fare entrare i suoi soldati a Gaza quando la guerra passerà alla fase terrestre. Per il momento, sapendo quale sarà il prezzo che il suo paese dovrà pagare, è proprio Barak a chiedere a Olmert e Livni di non andare avanti a testa bassa con un’operazione militare scollegata dalla politica.

Posted in Conflittualità | Leave a Comment »

Sderot, Gaza residents call for renewal of truce

Posted by giacomofinzi su 31 dicembre, 2008

da:Yedioth Ahronot http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3646184,00.html

Some 1,800 Israelis and Palestinians, including 500 Sderot residents, sign petition calling for end to IDF operation in Gaza, renewal of dialogue between Israel, Hamas. Despite the ongoing rocket attacks on their town from Gaza in the last several years, some 500 Sderot residents have recently signed a petition calling to stop the IDF operation in the Strip and renew the truce with Hamas.

 

 

Arik Yalin, 43, from Sderot told Ynet that over 1,800 Israelis and Palestinians have already joined the petition. “About a month ago we realized that the situation was about to deteriorate into total chaos,” he explained.

 

“It’s important for us to voice an opinion that represents quite a few residents who live within the rocket range but who believe that we can, and should try to resolve this ongoing conflict in a peaceful manner.

 

“We have experienced the terrible hardship of life under rocket fire for the past eight years, and it has deeply hurt us both mentally and physically. Our need to voice a different stance stems from the strong desire to change the situation and begin negotiations with the other side in order to stop the violence,” he added.

 

According to Yalin, a military operation will only deepen the hatred on both sides and reduce the chances of reaching a settlement. “The underlying assumption is that eventually there would be some kind of understanding. The only question is how many innocent people would get killed along the way.”

 

‘Operation only leads to more hate’

Hakim Hassona, the owner of a Gaza hauling company, praised the initiative. “Why use violence when there are no winners in this war?” he asked. “At the end we are cousins and neighbors and there’s no need to get into this situation.

 

“They say that an assault will create deterrence, but what kind of deterrence? This only leads to more hate. There isn’t a family in Gaza who hasn’t had a relative hurt in the raids… the ordinary person doesn’t care about the war, he just wants to live in peace.”The “Different Voice” group, which was formed by Yalin and his friends, seeks to promote dialogue between Israel and the Hamas leadership in Gaza. Dozens of the group members maintain constant contact with several of Gaza’s residents.

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After sterling start to Gaza op, Barak proves to be a petty politician

Posted by giacomofinzi su 31 dicembre, 2008

da: Haaretz http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1051360.html

Almost every war of the last four decades has resulted in the ouster of a defense minister. Levi Eshkol lost the defense portfolio on the eve of the Six-Day War, Moshe Dayan after the Yom Kippur War, Ariel Sharon after the First Lebanon War, Amir Peretz after the Second Lebanon War. Current defense minister Ehud Barak, whose performance during the first days of Operation Cast Lead increased his public support, spoiled his image Tuesday with his very own words. His ambiguous statements, from behind the transparent veil of an “off-the-record conversation,” once again lowered him from the rank of commander to that of politician. Barak, at a meeting with his aides and half a dozen guests, said things that were meant for publication, but not for attribution. The result was miserable, in terms of both content and form. He confused the public just when the aims of the operation seemed crystal clear and enjoyed broad support.

He did not explain the connection between the stable, long-term cease-fire whose achievement – and nothing else – would justify ending the operation, and a limited cease-fire called solely to enable negotiations on the larger cease-fire. The opposition he aroused from his colleagues in the government and senior defense officials managed to put the weaknesses of the group that will decide the operation’s future at the top of the agenda. 

He thereby turned Tuesday’s main story from Israel versus Hamas to Barak versus Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni, Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Gabi Ashkenazi and Shin Bet security service chief Yuval Diskin. 

The deceptive labeling on the package was the media’s attribution of the recommendation that Olmert respond favorably to a French proposal for a 48-hour cease-fire to “the defense establishment.” Other senior officials in that establishment, with its multitude of services, branches and directorates, hastened to deny that they had anything to do with the recommendation. Barak did not engage in orderly staff work with the IDF and Shin Bet before giving his briefing. He informed Ashkenazi and Diskin of the content before it was published, but this was an order from above. 

Diskin opposed it unequivocally. He is the only person authorized to speak for the Shin Bet, but in this case, his opinion was shared by G., the head of the agency’s southern district, and other senior Shin Bet officials. Ashkenazi – who, like Barak, and unlike Diskin, G. and GOC Southern Command Yoav Galant, was one of the last to throw his support behind Operation Cast Lead – does not want to stop the operation now, before it has racked up any clear achievements. If the politicians impose a cease-fire on him, he will salute, and he will also take care not to torpedo any diplomatic initiative. But do not expect him to volunteer to sign the recommendation. In his view, the ministers should decide for themselves what to do, and after they decide, he will do it. 

Barak is willing to serve Gaza a two-course meal – first the humanitarian course, then a double portion. This will not be a French kiss, but an Israeli version of what the American army, hit by a paralyzing sandstorm on its way to Baghdad in March 2003, termed an “operational halt” before resuming its advance. During the two-day truce, the IDF will arm itself with a new target bank, fresh intelligence, refreshed troops and domestic and international understanding of the need for a ground operation. 

The politicians who are competing against Barak, and the civil servants who are not (yet) in politics, do not care if Barak steals home base behind Bernard Kouchner’s back. But they refuse to let him do it on their backs. Whoever is deemed responsible for halting the operation prematurely will take a hit both in the media and at the ballot box. Yet the same is true of anyone who fails to exploit a genuine opportunity to cash in on his investment at a bargain price. 

Since Saturday, Ashkenazi had held the General Staff to a schedule of discussions and situation assessments that might be termed a “war clock.” Now, along comes the famed watch repairman, Barak, and threatens to portray him as the one eager to stop the operation prematurely, before it has achieved its goal. The trouble is that there is no clock that shows, in real time, the exact moment when the operation should end  the one that is neither too early nor too late

Posted in Conflittualità, Labour e Sinistra israeliana | Leave a Comment »

Israel decides to push on with Gaza op until ‘all goals reached’

Posted by giacomofinzi su 31 dicembre, 2008

da:Haaretz http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1051542.html

Israeld decided on Wednesday to continue its offensive on the Hamas infrastructure in the Gaza Strip, according to the original plan of the defense establishment. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told cabinet ministers, who reached their decision following a presentation by defense officials, that Israel would not conclude its operation until all of its goals had been reached.] We did not begin the Gaza operation in order to finish it with rocket fire continuing like it did before,” Olmert said. “Israel has restrained for years and given plenty of chances for a calm.” 

“We knew what the price would be to enable people living in the Negev to recuperate and to live for some time without concern,” the prime minister added. “But Hamas breached the calm.” 

Israel earlier Wednesday rejected a French proposal for a 48-hour cease-fire in the Gaza Strip, which would have allowed a freer flow of humanitarian aid into the bombarded coastal territory. 

The decision was reached by the members of the “kitchen cabinet,” which includes Olmert, Defense Minister Ehud Barak, and Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni. 

Meanwhile, Israel decided to open the Kerem Shalom crossing to the Gaza Strip on Wednesday afternoon to allow 106 trucks filled with humanitarian aid supplied by foreign aid groups to enter the coastal territory. 

Some 100 trucks carrying basic food and medical supplies entered Gaza on Tuesday through the same crossing. The supplies were donated by Jordan, Turkey and international organizations. Five ambulances were also permitted to enter. 

Israel has promised Red Cross and United Nations relief organizations that it would assist the transfer of humanitarian aid as necessary. 

In Jerusalem on Wednesday, the cabinet discussed the French proposal for a 48-hour “humanitarian” cease-fire, after failing late Tuesday night to reach a decision. The cabinet is also reportedly discussing whether to expand the Israel Defense Forces operation in the Gaza Strip. 

Earlier on Wednesday, Israel described the French proposal as unrealistic. 

“That proposal contained no guarantees of any kind that Hamas will stop the rockets and smuggling,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor said. “It is not realistic to expect Israel to cease fire unilaterally with no mechanism to enforce the cessation of shooting and terror from Hamas.” 

But Palmor said Israel had not rejected the proposal, one of several under consideration, outright. Another Israeli official said France might propose amendments to its plan. 

French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner, meanwhile, said he and President Nicolas Sarkozy are considering extending their Middle East trip next Monday to visit Israel amid European efforts to end the violence in Gaza. 

Kouchner chaired an emergency meeting of EU foreign ministers in Paris on 
Tuesday over the Gaza fighting. The 27 EU nations urged Israel and Hamas to accept an immediate and permanent cease-fire. France holds the EU presidency until midnight. 

Speaking on RTL radio Wednesday, Kouchner said he hoped Israel does not launch a ground operation in Gaza. A humanitarian truce is “not enough and any cease-fire must be lasting,” he added. 

‘No such thing as a humanitarian cease-fire 

The Cabinet met on Tuesday as well, following a day in which a Hamas rocket struck Be’er Sheva for the first time and the Israel Defense Forces completed preparations for a possible ground operation in the Gaza Strip. The Education Ministry decided to keep schools in Be’er Sheva closed on Wednesday. 

In discussions with Olmert and Livni on Tuesday, Defense Minister Ehud Barak recommended seeking an exit from the fighting within the next few days, using one of the various international initiatives currently being worked on. 

Barak also favors the French proposal for a 48-hour truce that would be used to examine Hamas’ willingness to agree to a long-term cease-fire, in addition to its stated purpose of providing humanitarian assistance to Gaza’s population. 

Olmert and Livni are said to be less enthusiastic about the French proposal. 

“There’s no such thing as a ‘humanitarian cease-fire’,” an Olmert aide said Tuesday. “Gaza is not undergoing a humanitarian crisis. We’re constantly supplying it with food and medications, and there’s no need for a humanitarian cease-fire.” 

When Olmert visited IDF Southern Command headquarters in Be’er Sheva Tuesday, most of the senior officers with whom he met urged him to authorize a ground operation. People at the meeting said their impression was that Olmert agreed. 

Moreover, even a temporary cease-fire is liable to take some time to arrange, and during this time, ongoing fire and further casualties could spark renewed escalation. 

IDF troops have been massed along the Gaza border awaiting a ground operation for two days already, exposing them to rocket and mortar fire. And on Monday, a mortar shell killed a soldier at the Nahal Oz base. 

In addition, the bad weather provides cover for Hamas rocket-launching crews, because it is hard for Israeli aircraft to spot them through the clouds. 

The air force and navy bombed dozens of targets in Gaza, including smuggling tunnels along the Gaza-Egypt border, and 40 Palestinians were killed, including at least five civilians. In addition, Barak sought cabinet approval for calling up another 2,510 reservists, on top of the 6,700 called up on Sunday. 

The Prime Minister’s Office and defense officials also worked on finalizing Israel’s terms for a permanent cease-fire. These include a complete cessation of all rocket and mortar fire from Gaza by all Palestinian organizations; a ban on armed men approaching the border fence with Israel, since there were several incidents near the fence during the six-month truce that collapsed this month; complete Israeli control over the Gaza border crossings; Egyptian efforts to stop the weapons smuggling into Gaza from the Sinai Peninsula; and some kind of supervisory mechanism to ensure that Hamas is meeting its commitments. 

A cease-fire will not be conditioned on the return of kidnapped soldier Gilad Shalit, but Israel hopes a truce deal would increase the chances of concluding a prisoner exchange with Hamas. 

International efforts to broker a cease-fire gathered steam Tuesday as well. U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice telephoned her counterparts around the world, including a conference call with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner and European Union foreign policy chief Javier Solana. 

In addition, Turkey, France and the UN all urged Syrian President Bashar Assad to use his influence to get Khaled Meshal, the Damascus-based head of Hamas’ political bureau, to agree to a truce. So far, Assad has refused, saying Israel must first halt its operation in Gaza. 

But Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan flew to Damascus Wednesday to continue this effort, along with Qatari Prime Minister Hamad al-Thani, with whom Erdogan met in Ankara Tuesday. Erdogan will then proceed to Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. 

Later Wednesday, Arab League foreign ministers will meet in Cairo to discuss the situation in Gaza.

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Gazans live in fear of further attacks

Posted by alicemarziali su 31 dicembre, 2008

 

  Al Jazeera’s Sherine Tadros reports from Gaza, where hundreds of thousands of Palestinians are living in fear of the next Israeli attack.

People are afraid to go out, but as they still have to eat, they are lining up outside the few bakeries still open to grab what they can before they hurry back home.

http://it.youtube.com/watch?v=UplQ24aFlVE&eurl=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2008/12/2008123116544700971.html

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La primera guerra de Gaza

Posted by valentinabalzati su 31 dicembre, 2008

La Vanguardia, Samuel Hadas.

A los ojos del mundo puede ser una respuesta desmesurada, pero el 80% de los israelíes la aprueba

Una pandilla de bellacos, la define el escritor Amos Oz, máximo exponente de la izquierda pacifista israelí. Una organización terrorista para Israel, EE. UU. y la UE. La causante de la tragedia que sufren en estos días los palestinos, según Egipto y la Autoridad Nacional Palestina. Esto es Hamas, la organización con la que se solidariza el líder espiritual iraní, el ayatolá Ali Jamenei, que acaba de emitir un decreto religioso ordenando a los musulmanes defender a los palestinos, mientras que su líder, Jaled Mishal, desde su dorado refugio en Damasco, los llama al suicidio y a la tercera intifada. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Gaza y el Año Nuevo

Posted by valentinabalzati su 31 dicembre, 2008

El Pais

Carta abierta del director de orquesta hispanoargentino Daniel Barenboim ante los bombardeos de Israel en Gaza.

Sólo tengo tres deseos para el próximo año. El primero de ellos es que el Gobierno israelí se dé cuenta de una vez por todas de que el conflicto en Oriente Próximo no puede ser resuelto por la vía militar. El segundo es para que Hamás tenga presente que sus intereses no se imponen con la violencia, y que Israel está aquí para quedarse. El tercero es para que el mundo reconozca que este conflicto no tiene parangón en la Historia. Es complejo y delicado; es un conflicto humano entre dos personas profundamente convencidas de su derecho a vivir en el mismo y minúsculo pedazo de tierra. Es por esto que ninguna diplomacia o acción militar puede resolver este conflicto. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »