Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

Monitoraggio attraverso i media internazionali delle elezioni in Israele del Febbraio 2009

Archive for maggio 2009

Obama Calls for Swift Move Toward Mideast Peace Talks

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

IHT

By HELENE COOPER

Published: May 28, 2009

WASHINGTON — President Obama called on Israelis and Palestinians on Thursday to move swiftly toward peace talks, as his administration embarked on its first public dispute with Israel.

Speaking to reporters at the White House after talks with the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, Mr. Obama said that the absence of peace between Israelis and Palestinians was clogging up other critical issues in the Middle East. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Annunci

Posted in Palestinesi, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Misery Hangs Over Gaza Despite Pledges of Help

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 28, 2009

GAZA — Dozens of families still live in tents amid collapsed buildings and rusting pipes. With construction materials barred, a few are building mud-brick homes. Everything but food and medicine has to be smuggled through desert tunnels from Egypt. Among the items that people seek is an addictive pain reliever used to fight depression. Four months after Israel waged a war here to stop Hamas rocket fire and two years after Hamas took full control of this coastal strip, Gaza is like an island adrift. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Israel Hopes for U.S. Settlement Shift

Posted by claudiacampli su 27 maggio, 2009

IHT

By ISABEL KERSHNER

Published: May 27, 2009

JERUSALEM — The Israeli government wants to reach understandings with the Obama administration that would allow some new construction in West Bank settlements, an Israeli official said Wednesday, despite vocal American and Palestinian opposition. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in La scena Politica Israeliana, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Palestinians Try to Prune Branches of Core Party

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

NYT

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 20, 2009

RAMALLAH, West Bank — There is the Central Committee and the Revolutionary Council, the Old Guard and the Young Guard. There are the insiders, the outsiders, the cell leaders, branch chiefs and district heads. And there is the Office of Mobilization and Discipline, also known as the Office of Indoctrination.

Fatah, the core of the Palestinian national movement for five decades, has the organizational transparency of a Soviet republic and was long run like one by its founder, Yasir Arafat. Talk of reform arose after his death five years ago and again when Hamas defeated it in legislative elections in 2006.

But shock after shock has done little to induce change. The movement has been paralyzed by competing personal alliances and a continuing identity crisis, and has not held a congress in 20 years. While the gap between the Fatah-led West Bank and the Hamas-led Gaza is widely recognized, less appreciated is that Fatah itself, which the West trains and helps, is so internally torn that it is scarcely able to negotiate or govern.

On Tuesday, Prime Minister Salam Fayyad announced a new government with greater Fatah representation among the ministers but little change in policy.

“We are on a sinking ship, and the leadership thinks it can save us by plugging a hole,” lamented Qaddoura Fares, a leading Fatah advocate of change and peace with Israel. “We have to wake up and stop lying to ourselves. We call ourselves a democratic movement, but what democratic movement hasn’t met in 20 years?”

If he and others succeed and Fatah reorganizes itself and successfully takes on Hamas in elections planned for 2010 in the West Bank and Gaza, prospects for a deal between Israel and a future state of Palestine could brighten considerably. But polls show that if elections were held now, Hamas would give Fatah a very close race.

“Fatah used to be a movement focused on armed struggle, but now we want to be an economic and social movement with good government that ends corruption and promotes democracy,” said Bassam Walweel, a political activist-turned-businessman who is also playing a role in trying to reshape the group. “We are committed to peace with Israel.”

The Palestine Liberation Organization has long been dominated by Fatah and includes some smaller factions. Hamas was created in the late 1980s and is not part of the P.L.O. But since taking the 2006 elections, it has become the rising force in Palestinian politics, prompting Fatah to think about reform. After a four-day battle in June of 2007, Hamas took over Gaza, and Fatah was left with the West Bank.

In the past year, each of 14 West Bank regions has elected a new Fatah chief, most of whom are college-educated and professionally engaged. They meet weekly and rotate the leadership to avoid power plays. In addition, Fatah has taken a lesson from Hamas, seeking to make an impact at a grass-roots level by opening a 24-hour satellite television station and providing free lunches and book bags for needy schoolchildren.

While most analysts and Fatah activists remain pessimistic that real change will occur soon, the continuing ferment for reform within is unmistakable.

Nearly every day in past weeks, Fatah activists have discussed ways to bring about the long-postponed congress aimed at producing new governing bodies and a fresh set of procedural and policy guidelines. The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, who is the head of Fatah, has promised activists that he would hold the congress on July 1 in the West Bank. Most predict that the deadline will be missed, but also agree that a congress is needed.

“It is highly unlikely that the congress can be postponed for long,” said Khalil Shikaki, a Ramallah-based political scientist and pollster. “It has to happen this year to prevent the Young Guard from revolting.”

Every element of the congress is a source of division — who attends, as well as when and where it should be held and what should be decided.

The new political activists, from within the West Bank and Gaza, want the number of delegates to run into the thousands, so that the aging leaders can be pushed aside. Many are hoping to elect Marwan Barghouti, who is in an Israeli prison, as the new leader. The membership committee, however, wants only 650 to be invited. Mr. Abbas has said the number should be around 1,500.

To hold the meeting in the West Bank, as Mr. Abbas wants, would be to strengthen the insiders, those in the West Bank and Gaza, as opposed to the outsiders, those living in places like Lebanon and Syria. But a West Bank venue also means that Israel, which controls the borders with the West Bank, would have veto power over which outsiders could come.

This poses a delicate dilemma for Israel. While it might in theory favor a strengthened and renewed Fatah as a future negotiating partner and Palestinian government, such an organization could also be more militant. It would also have to decide what to do about Mr. Barghouti if he were elected.

Many of the younger activists say that the men around Mr. Abbas are mistaken to take armed struggle off the table, especially after Israel’s attack on Gaza in January. At the same time, they say that if a deal were struck, they are the ones who could sell it to the street and make it stick.

“The current leadership doesn’t keep armed struggle as an option,” said Dimitri Y. Diliani, the Fatah spokesman for the Jerusalem area. “For us on the ground, we are in favor of political discourse to pursue national goals. But in case it doesn’t work in a certain time frame we should resort to other options, including armed resistance.”

If the congress were held in Egypt or Jordan, the authorities there could have undue influence over who attended and what was concluded.

The biggest question for Fatah is what exactly it stands for: whether to push for a unity government with Hamas or seek to defeat it; whether to accept compromise with Israel on issues like the Palestinian right of return, the borders of the new state and the status of Jerusalem.

For Israel and the United States, the problem is equally vexing. They have an interest in helping the nationalists to reform and hold their congress. But they also have to decide how much to help the new leaders, some of whom may end up becoming opponents if the peace negotiating process fails.

Posted in Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Israel Removes Illegal Settler Outpost in West Bank

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

NYT

By ISABEL KERSHNER

Published: May 21, 2009

JERUSALEM — Israeli police and security forces on Thursday dismantled a small Jewish outpost in the West Bank in what many here saw as a gesture by Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, to President Obama three days after their meeting in Washington.

No arrests were made at the illegal outpost, where at least four families lived in a couple of concrete structures and several temporary shacks. Micky Rosenfeld, a police spokesman, said the timing of the action was not significant. Another small West Bank outpost was removed about two months ago, he said.

But it was the first time Israel’s new right-leaning government had removed a settlement, and settler leaders and others saw it as a political message.

“It seems that this was done in order to throw a bone to the United States president,” Avi Roeh, the chairman of the local settler council, told Israel Radio.

Pressing for a renewed Israeli-Palestinian peace process, the Obama administration has made clear that it expects Israel to carry out a total settlement freeze and remove illegal outposts in the West Bank, according to Israel’s commitments under a 2003 peace plan known as the road map.

The outpost, Maoz Esther, which is in the Ramallah region. Hours after it was dismantled, a resident, Daniel Landesberg, 19, said he had already set about rebuilding his demolished home.

Speaking by telephone, he said the move was “a signal” from Mr. Netanyahu to Mr. Obama that Israel would do whatever he asked.

Israeli government officials say they want to remove the outposts by agreement with the settlers in order to avoid confrontation. Long months of talks under the previous government, however, did not yield tangible results.

Israel’s defense minister, Ehud Barak, met with settler leaders on Wednesday and told them that the illegal outposts were damaging Israel’s international relations and their own cause. He said the outposts would be removed “if not through dialogue, then through swift and aggressive enforcement.”

On Thursday, Mr. Barak said the evacuation of Maoz Esther was “not connected with the Americans or American pressure,” and that it was carried out according to routine orders. More than a hundred outposts are dotted around the West Bank, alongside dozens of established Jewish settlements authorized by Israel but widely considered abroad a violation of international law.

Yariv Oppenheimer of Peace Now, an Israeli advocacy group that opposes Jewish settlement in the West Bank, said that the outpost evacuated on Thursday was not a significant one, and that the action was “more about P.R.” after the Washington meeting. Mr. Oppenheimer added that the same outpost has been evacuated at least twice before.

Rina Castelnuovo contributed reporting from Maoz Esther, West Bank.

Posted in Coloni, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

President Obama tells Israel: stop expanding settlements

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

Times

Tom Baldwin in Washington

President Obama yesterday embarked on his most daunting diplomatic challenge yet by telling Israel to take “difficult steps” towards peace, allow a Palestinian state and halt settlement expansion on occupied land.

His talks with Binyamin Netanyahu, Israel’s hardline Prime Minister, marked the start of an intensive focus on the Middle East. Mr Obama hopes to re-start a peace process that has stalled under a succession of US presidents. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Coloni, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Israeli settler leader says: ‘We are running rings round the authorities’

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

Times

James Hider in Kiryat Arba

As President Obama was telling Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli Prime Minister, this week that all Jewish settlement activity in the West Bank must stop, in the huge settlement of Kiryat Arba on the edge of Hebron, one of the founders of the settler movement was explaining why that will not happen. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Coloni, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Will Barack Obama risk getting tough with Binyamin Netanyahu?

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

Times

Bronwen Maddox, Chief Foreign Commentator

How tough could President Obama be on Israel if he wanted? And how tough is he likely to be? He could make life expensive and uncomfortable for Binyamin Netanyahu, Israel’s new Prime Minister. That could have repercussions for him, from American public anger and opposition in Congress — as George Bush senior and Jimmy Carter, two presidents who took a tougher line, could warn him. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Ahmadinejad claims Iran’s new missile is capable of hitting Israel

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

Times

Nico Hines

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad claimed today that Iran has successfully test fired a new medium-range missile capable of striking as far as Israel or southern Europe.

The Iranian President told a cheering crowd that the military had launched a surface-to-surface missile called Sejil-2 which has a range of about 1,200 miles. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Mondo Arabo | Contrassegnato da tag: , | Leave a Comment »

President Obama tells Israel: stop expanding settlements

Posted by claudiacampli su 19 maggio, 2009

Times online

Tom Baldwin in Washington

 President Obama yesterday embarked on his most daunting diplomatic challenge yet by telling Israel to take “difficult steps” towards peace, allow a Palestinian state and halt settlement expansion on occupied land. His talks with Binyamin Netanyahu, Israel’s hardline Prime Minister, marked the start of an intensive focus on the Middle East. Mr Obama hopes to re-start a peace process that has stalled under a succession of US presidents. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Mondo Arabo, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »