Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

Monitoraggio attraverso i media internazionali delle elezioni in Israele del Febbraio 2009

Archive for the ‘Palestinesi’ Category

Obama Calls for Swift Move Toward Mideast Peace Talks

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

IHT

By HELENE COOPER

Published: May 28, 2009

WASHINGTON — President Obama called on Israelis and Palestinians on Thursday to move swiftly toward peace talks, as his administration embarked on its first public dispute with Israel.

Speaking to reporters at the White House after talks with the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, Mr. Obama said that the absence of peace between Israelis and Palestinians was clogging up other critical issues in the Middle East. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Annunci

Posted in Palestinesi, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Misery Hangs Over Gaza Despite Pledges of Help

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 28, 2009

GAZA — Dozens of families still live in tents amid collapsed buildings and rusting pipes. With construction materials barred, a few are building mud-brick homes. Everything but food and medicine has to be smuggled through desert tunnels from Egypt. Among the items that people seek is an addictive pain reliever used to fight depression. Four months after Israel waged a war here to stop Hamas rocket fire and two years after Hamas took full control of this coastal strip, Gaza is like an island adrift. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Palestinians Try to Prune Branches of Core Party

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

NYT

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 20, 2009

RAMALLAH, West Bank — There is the Central Committee and the Revolutionary Council, the Old Guard and the Young Guard. There are the insiders, the outsiders, the cell leaders, branch chiefs and district heads. And there is the Office of Mobilization and Discipline, also known as the Office of Indoctrination.

Fatah, the core of the Palestinian national movement for five decades, has the organizational transparency of a Soviet republic and was long run like one by its founder, Yasir Arafat. Talk of reform arose after his death five years ago and again when Hamas defeated it in legislative elections in 2006.

But shock after shock has done little to induce change. The movement has been paralyzed by competing personal alliances and a continuing identity crisis, and has not held a congress in 20 years. While the gap between the Fatah-led West Bank and the Hamas-led Gaza is widely recognized, less appreciated is that Fatah itself, which the West trains and helps, is so internally torn that it is scarcely able to negotiate or govern.

On Tuesday, Prime Minister Salam Fayyad announced a new government with greater Fatah representation among the ministers but little change in policy.

“We are on a sinking ship, and the leadership thinks it can save us by plugging a hole,” lamented Qaddoura Fares, a leading Fatah advocate of change and peace with Israel. “We have to wake up and stop lying to ourselves. We call ourselves a democratic movement, but what democratic movement hasn’t met in 20 years?”

If he and others succeed and Fatah reorganizes itself and successfully takes on Hamas in elections planned for 2010 in the West Bank and Gaza, prospects for a deal between Israel and a future state of Palestine could brighten considerably. But polls show that if elections were held now, Hamas would give Fatah a very close race.

“Fatah used to be a movement focused on armed struggle, but now we want to be an economic and social movement with good government that ends corruption and promotes democracy,” said Bassam Walweel, a political activist-turned-businessman who is also playing a role in trying to reshape the group. “We are committed to peace with Israel.”

The Palestine Liberation Organization has long been dominated by Fatah and includes some smaller factions. Hamas was created in the late 1980s and is not part of the P.L.O. But since taking the 2006 elections, it has become the rising force in Palestinian politics, prompting Fatah to think about reform. After a four-day battle in June of 2007, Hamas took over Gaza, and Fatah was left with the West Bank.

In the past year, each of 14 West Bank regions has elected a new Fatah chief, most of whom are college-educated and professionally engaged. They meet weekly and rotate the leadership to avoid power plays. In addition, Fatah has taken a lesson from Hamas, seeking to make an impact at a grass-roots level by opening a 24-hour satellite television station and providing free lunches and book bags for needy schoolchildren.

While most analysts and Fatah activists remain pessimistic that real change will occur soon, the continuing ferment for reform within is unmistakable.

Nearly every day in past weeks, Fatah activists have discussed ways to bring about the long-postponed congress aimed at producing new governing bodies and a fresh set of procedural and policy guidelines. The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, who is the head of Fatah, has promised activists that he would hold the congress on July 1 in the West Bank. Most predict that the deadline will be missed, but also agree that a congress is needed.

“It is highly unlikely that the congress can be postponed for long,” said Khalil Shikaki, a Ramallah-based political scientist and pollster. “It has to happen this year to prevent the Young Guard from revolting.”

Every element of the congress is a source of division — who attends, as well as when and where it should be held and what should be decided.

The new political activists, from within the West Bank and Gaza, want the number of delegates to run into the thousands, so that the aging leaders can be pushed aside. Many are hoping to elect Marwan Barghouti, who is in an Israeli prison, as the new leader. The membership committee, however, wants only 650 to be invited. Mr. Abbas has said the number should be around 1,500.

To hold the meeting in the West Bank, as Mr. Abbas wants, would be to strengthen the insiders, those in the West Bank and Gaza, as opposed to the outsiders, those living in places like Lebanon and Syria. But a West Bank venue also means that Israel, which controls the borders with the West Bank, would have veto power over which outsiders could come.

This poses a delicate dilemma for Israel. While it might in theory favor a strengthened and renewed Fatah as a future negotiating partner and Palestinian government, such an organization could also be more militant. It would also have to decide what to do about Mr. Barghouti if he were elected.

Many of the younger activists say that the men around Mr. Abbas are mistaken to take armed struggle off the table, especially after Israel’s attack on Gaza in January. At the same time, they say that if a deal were struck, they are the ones who could sell it to the street and make it stick.

“The current leadership doesn’t keep armed struggle as an option,” said Dimitri Y. Diliani, the Fatah spokesman for the Jerusalem area. “For us on the ground, we are in favor of political discourse to pursue national goals. But in case it doesn’t work in a certain time frame we should resort to other options, including armed resistance.”

If the congress were held in Egypt or Jordan, the authorities there could have undue influence over who attended and what was concluded.

The biggest question for Fatah is what exactly it stands for: whether to push for a unity government with Hamas or seek to defeat it; whether to accept compromise with Israel on issues like the Palestinian right of return, the borders of the new state and the status of Jerusalem.

For Israel and the United States, the problem is equally vexing. They have an interest in helping the nationalists to reform and hold their congress. But they also have to decide how much to help the new leaders, some of whom may end up becoming opponents if the peace negotiating process fails.

Posted in Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Obama and Netanyahu differ in talks

Posted by alicemarziali su 19 maggio, 2009

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Obama and Netanyahu differ in talks

Obama urged Netanyahu, right, to restart negotiations with the Palestinians [AFP]

AL JAZEERA INTERNATIONAL

Israel’s prime minister has refused to commit to an independent Palestinian state during talks with Barack Obama, the US president, at the White House.

Binyamin Netanyahu told Obama that he wanted the Palestinians to govern themselves, but steered clear of explicitly endorsing the two-state solution set out in the so-called “road map”.

He said that Israel was “ready” to resume negotiations with the Palestinians, which stalled during the 22-day offensive in the Gaza Strip, but he attached conditions to any new process. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Likud, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Netanyhau a Obama: «No a uno stato palestinese»

Posted by alicemarziali su 19 maggio, 2009

IL SOLE 24 ORE

Gli Stati Uniti ribadiscono che per la pace in Medio Oriente serve la soluzione due Stati due popoli, ma Israele risponde di non prende in considerazione lo spazio politico e territoriale per la nascita di uno Stato palestinese. Il premier dello Stato ebraico Benjamin Netanyahu si è detto invece favorevole a una forma di autogoverno dei palestinesi. E’ quanto emerge dall’incontro fra il presidente degli Stati Uniti, Barack Obama, con il premier israeliano. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Likud, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Face à Nétanyahou, Obama répète son soutien à la création d’un Etat palestinien

Posted by alicemarziali su 19 maggio, 2009

LE MONDESans surprise, Barack Obama a réaffirmé, lundi 18 mai, son soutien à la création d’un Etat palestinien à l’issue d’un entretien avec le premier ministre israélien, Benyamin Nétanyahou. “Nous avons parlé des moyens de relancer des négociations sérieuses sur les questions d’Israël et des Palestiniens”, a dit le président américain, ajoutant que la “solution à deux Etats” servait les intérêts des deux camps.

Obama s’exprimait à l’issue d’un entretien à la Maison Blanche avec Nétanyahou, qui effectuait son premier déplacement à Washington depuis son retour à la tête du gouvernement israélien, le 31 mars. Il a également rappelé que la “feuille de route” de 2003 soutenue par les médiateurs internationaux fixait à Israël la nécessité de geler toute activité de colonisation dans les territoires palestiniens. Nétanyahou, dont la coalition intègre des partis hostiles à cette solution à deux Etats, a estimé pour sa part que les Palestiniens devaient s’administrer eux-mêmes mais n’a fait nulle mention d’un Etat palestinien proprement dit. “Nous ne voulons pas gouverner les Palestiniens. Nous voulons qu’ils se gouvernent eux-mêmes”, a-t-il dit. L’objectif de créer un Etat palestinien avait été réaffirmé fin 2007 à Annapolis par le prédécesseur de Nétanyahou, Ehoud Olmert, et le président de l’Autorité palestinienne, Mahmoud Abbas, réunis dans le Maryland par George Bush. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Likud, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Les Etats-Unis repensent leur relation avec Israël

Posted by alicemarziali su 16 maggio, 2009

Le premier geste de sa présidence avait été d’appeler le président de l’Autorité palestinienne, Mahmoud Abbas. Et 119 jours plus tard, Barack Obama s’entretient pour la première fois, ce lundi 18 mai, avec le premier ministre israélien, Benjamin Nétanyahou, à la Maison Blanche. Iran, processus de paix, dénucléarisation du Proche-Orient : les enjeux sont élevés alors que Washington tente de passer d’une position de soutien sans faille à Israël à celle de faiseur de paix dans la région.

Après cet entretien, le président américain doit recevoir, le 26 mai, son homologue égyptien Hosni Moubarak, et le 28 mai, M. Abbas. Il a prévu ensuite de s’adresser directement au monde arabe le 4 juin, au Caire. Une conférence internationale – vieille idée de la Russie – pourrait suivre. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Coloni, Likud, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Obama, Peres Discuss Israeli-Palestinian Peace

Posted by valecardia su 5 maggio, 2009

WASHINGTON POST

President Obama’s meeting with Shimon Peres this afternoon marked a first step in the new administration’s relationship with Israel. But it comes at a time when the two governments disagree sharply over what constitutes the biggest long-term threat to the Jewish state and how best to achieve peace in the region. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Palestinesi, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Leave a Comment »

U.N. Seeks End to Razing of Homes in East Jerusalem

Posted by claudiacampli su 1 maggio, 2009

IHT

By ISABEL KERSHNER

Published: May 1, 2009

JERUSALEM — The United Nations is calling on Israel to freeze all pending demolition orders against Palestinian homes in East Jerusalem in a new report that reflects growing international concern over developments in the contested city. The report also urges Israel to provide solutions to the housing crisis there. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Palestinian Rivals to Try Once More for an Accord

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 aprile, 2009

IHT

By TAGHREED EL-KHODARY and ISABEL KERSHNER

Published: April 28, 2009

CAIRO — The rival Palestinian groups Fatah and Hamas ended a fourth round of reconciliation talks here on Tuesday without success, but agreed to convene one more time to try to reach an accord.

Egypt, which has been mediating the talks, set May 15 as the new deadline for reaching an agreement, according to Moussa Abu Marzouk, a senior Hamas leader based in Damascus who participated in the meetings. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »