Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

Monitoraggio attraverso i media internazionali delle elezioni in Israele del Febbraio 2009

Posts Tagged ‘Abbas’

Obama to meet Middle East leaders

Posted by claudiacampli su 20 settembre, 2009

President Barack Obama will meet Israeli and Palestinian leaders on Tuesday to try to relaunch peace talks.

Mr Obama will hold separate talks with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, before a joint meeting. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Annunci

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Obama Calls for Swift Move Toward Mideast Peace Talks

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

IHT

By HELENE COOPER

Published: May 28, 2009

WASHINGTON — President Obama called on Israelis and Palestinians on Thursday to move swiftly toward peace talks, as his administration embarked on its first public dispute with Israel.

Speaking to reporters at the White House after talks with the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, Mr. Obama said that the absence of peace between Israelis and Palestinians was clogging up other critical issues in the Middle East. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Palestinesi, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Misery Hangs Over Gaza Despite Pledges of Help

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 28, 2009

GAZA — Dozens of families still live in tents amid collapsed buildings and rusting pipes. With construction materials barred, a few are building mud-brick homes. Everything but food and medicine has to be smuggled through desert tunnels from Egypt. Among the items that people seek is an addictive pain reliever used to fight depression. Four months after Israel waged a war here to stop Hamas rocket fire and two years after Hamas took full control of this coastal strip, Gaza is like an island adrift. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Palestinians Try to Prune Branches of Core Party

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

NYT

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 20, 2009

RAMALLAH, West Bank — There is the Central Committee and the Revolutionary Council, the Old Guard and the Young Guard. There are the insiders, the outsiders, the cell leaders, branch chiefs and district heads. And there is the Office of Mobilization and Discipline, also known as the Office of Indoctrination.

Fatah, the core of the Palestinian national movement for five decades, has the organizational transparency of a Soviet republic and was long run like one by its founder, Yasir Arafat. Talk of reform arose after his death five years ago and again when Hamas defeated it in legislative elections in 2006.

But shock after shock has done little to induce change. The movement has been paralyzed by competing personal alliances and a continuing identity crisis, and has not held a congress in 20 years. While the gap between the Fatah-led West Bank and the Hamas-led Gaza is widely recognized, less appreciated is that Fatah itself, which the West trains and helps, is so internally torn that it is scarcely able to negotiate or govern.

On Tuesday, Prime Minister Salam Fayyad announced a new government with greater Fatah representation among the ministers but little change in policy.

“We are on a sinking ship, and the leadership thinks it can save us by plugging a hole,” lamented Qaddoura Fares, a leading Fatah advocate of change and peace with Israel. “We have to wake up and stop lying to ourselves. We call ourselves a democratic movement, but what democratic movement hasn’t met in 20 years?”

If he and others succeed and Fatah reorganizes itself and successfully takes on Hamas in elections planned for 2010 in the West Bank and Gaza, prospects for a deal between Israel and a future state of Palestine could brighten considerably. But polls show that if elections were held now, Hamas would give Fatah a very close race.

“Fatah used to be a movement focused on armed struggle, but now we want to be an economic and social movement with good government that ends corruption and promotes democracy,” said Bassam Walweel, a political activist-turned-businessman who is also playing a role in trying to reshape the group. “We are committed to peace with Israel.”

The Palestine Liberation Organization has long been dominated by Fatah and includes some smaller factions. Hamas was created in the late 1980s and is not part of the P.L.O. But since taking the 2006 elections, it has become the rising force in Palestinian politics, prompting Fatah to think about reform. After a four-day battle in June of 2007, Hamas took over Gaza, and Fatah was left with the West Bank.

In the past year, each of 14 West Bank regions has elected a new Fatah chief, most of whom are college-educated and professionally engaged. They meet weekly and rotate the leadership to avoid power plays. In addition, Fatah has taken a lesson from Hamas, seeking to make an impact at a grass-roots level by opening a 24-hour satellite television station and providing free lunches and book bags for needy schoolchildren.

While most analysts and Fatah activists remain pessimistic that real change will occur soon, the continuing ferment for reform within is unmistakable.

Nearly every day in past weeks, Fatah activists have discussed ways to bring about the long-postponed congress aimed at producing new governing bodies and a fresh set of procedural and policy guidelines. The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, who is the head of Fatah, has promised activists that he would hold the congress on July 1 in the West Bank. Most predict that the deadline will be missed, but also agree that a congress is needed.

“It is highly unlikely that the congress can be postponed for long,” said Khalil Shikaki, a Ramallah-based political scientist and pollster. “It has to happen this year to prevent the Young Guard from revolting.”

Every element of the congress is a source of division — who attends, as well as when and where it should be held and what should be decided.

The new political activists, from within the West Bank and Gaza, want the number of delegates to run into the thousands, so that the aging leaders can be pushed aside. Many are hoping to elect Marwan Barghouti, who is in an Israeli prison, as the new leader. The membership committee, however, wants only 650 to be invited. Mr. Abbas has said the number should be around 1,500.

To hold the meeting in the West Bank, as Mr. Abbas wants, would be to strengthen the insiders, those in the West Bank and Gaza, as opposed to the outsiders, those living in places like Lebanon and Syria. But a West Bank venue also means that Israel, which controls the borders with the West Bank, would have veto power over which outsiders could come.

This poses a delicate dilemma for Israel. While it might in theory favor a strengthened and renewed Fatah as a future negotiating partner and Palestinian government, such an organization could also be more militant. It would also have to decide what to do about Mr. Barghouti if he were elected.

Many of the younger activists say that the men around Mr. Abbas are mistaken to take armed struggle off the table, especially after Israel’s attack on Gaza in January. At the same time, they say that if a deal were struck, they are the ones who could sell it to the street and make it stick.

“The current leadership doesn’t keep armed struggle as an option,” said Dimitri Y. Diliani, the Fatah spokesman for the Jerusalem area. “For us on the ground, we are in favor of political discourse to pursue national goals. But in case it doesn’t work in a certain time frame we should resort to other options, including armed resistance.”

If the congress were held in Egypt or Jordan, the authorities there could have undue influence over who attended and what was concluded.

The biggest question for Fatah is what exactly it stands for: whether to push for a unity government with Hamas or seek to defeat it; whether to accept compromise with Israel on issues like the Palestinian right of return, the borders of the new state and the status of Jerusalem.

For Israel and the United States, the problem is equally vexing. They have an interest in helping the nationalists to reform and hold their congress. But they also have to decide how much to help the new leaders, some of whom may end up becoming opponents if the peace negotiating process fails.

Posted in Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Hamas-Fatah, accordo al Cairo sulle forze di sicurezza a Gaza

Posted by claudiacampli su 17 maggio, 2009

Repubblica

IL CAIRO – Importante passo avanti per la riconciliazione nazionale palestinese. Le due fazioni rivali di Hamas e Fatah hanno raggiunto un accordo al Cairo per la formazione di forze di sicurezza congiunte nella Striscia di Gaza fino al 2010. Lo riferiscono fonti di Fatah, la formazione del presidente dell’Anp Abu Mazen estromessa all’enclave costiera da un sanguinoso colpo di mano di Hamas nel giugno del 2007, citate dall’agenzia egiziana Mena.

“C’è stato un accordo di principio sulla formazione di una forza comune alle due fazioni per lavorare nella striscia di Gaza fino alle elezioni (che devono svolgersi) prima del prossimo 5 gennaio”, ha dichiarato Nabil Shaath un alto dirigente vicino ad Abu Mazen.

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Palestinian Rivals to Try Once More for an Accord

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 aprile, 2009

IHT

By TAGHREED EL-KHODARY and ISABEL KERSHNER

Published: April 28, 2009

CAIRO — The rival Palestinian groups Fatah and Hamas ended a fourth round of reconciliation talks here on Tuesday without success, but agreed to convene one more time to try to reach an accord.

Egypt, which has been mediating the talks, set May 15 as the new deadline for reaching an agreement, according to Moussa Abu Marzouk, a senior Hamas leader based in Damascus who participated in the meetings. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Netanyahu pledges Palestinian talks

Posted by alicemarziali su 12 aprile, 2009

 

AL JAZEERA INTERNATIONAL

Benyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, has said he will hold peace talks with the Palestinians. Netanyahu’s comments on the stalled peace process – his first since he took office at the beginning of the month – came in a phone call with Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian president, on Sunday. Abbas had called Netanyahu to extend holiday greetings for the Jewish Passover ceremony. The two had a “friendly and warm” conversation, according to a statement from Netanyahu’s office. Netanyahu, whose right-leaning government took office on March 31, said he “intended to resume” talks and co-operation with the Palestinians for the sake of promoting peace, the statement said. Abbas has said that Israel’s new government must commit to a two-state solution before the resumption of peace talks. Hawkish cabinet Until now, the only comments on the peace process to come from the new Israeli administration had come from Avigdor Lieberman, the Israeli foreign minister, who said the new cabinet was not bound by a 2007 US-backed agreement to revive negotiations. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Likud, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Netanyahu ‘ready for peace talks’

Posted by gaetanoditommaso su 12 aprile, 2009

BBC NEWS

12 April 2009

Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu has told Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas he intends to resume talks and co-operation to promote peace.

It was their first contact since Mr Netanyahu took office on 31 March.

Mr Abbas initiated the telephone call, which Mr Netanyahu’s office described as “friendly and warm”.

The new Israeli leader has not publicly endorsed the creation of a fully independent Palestinian state – a fundamental demand of the Palestinians.

An Israeli statement said that during his conversation with Mr Abbas, Mr Netanyahu “recalled their past co-operation and conversations, and how he intended to resume this in the future in order to advance peace”.

Mr Netanyahu leads a right-leaning coalition, which combines the centre-right, centre-left and far-right parties.

Avigdor Lieberman, who leads the right-wing Yisrael Beiteinu party, is foreign minister and Labour veteran Ehud Barak defence minister.

Speaking before he was sworn into office, Mr Netanyahu said his government would strive to reach an agreement with the Palestinians and would work towards peace.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7995849.stm

Posted in La scena Politica Israeliana, Likud, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Israeli, Palestinian Leaders Make First Phone Call

Posted by gaetanoditommaso su 12 aprile, 2009

NEW YORK TIMES

12 April 2009

Filed at 8:24 a.m. ET

JERUSALEM (AP) — Israel’s new prime minister spoke to the Palestinian president on Sunday for the first time since taking office, telling him that he seeks close cooperation to drive peace efforts forward.

Talk of cooperation alone, however, is unlikely to satisfy the Palestinian leadership, which wants Israel’s new government to make an unambiguous endorsement of the idea of an independent Palestinian state.

While repeatedly saying he wants peace with the Palestinians, Benjamin Netanyahu has refused to support the internationally backed idea of a Palestinian state alongside Israel since taking office as premier on March 31.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has said there is no reason to negotiate if Netanyahu doesn’t support a ”two-state solution.” Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in La scena Politica Israeliana, Likud, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Palestinians Are Focus in Abbas Visit to Baghdad

Posted by claudiacampli su 8 aprile, 2009

IHt

By CAMPBELL ROBERTSON

Published: April 5, 2009

BAGHDAD — Mahmoud Abbas, the president of the Palestinian Authority, visited Iraq for the first time since the American invasion in 2003, meeting with Iraqi leaders on Sunday to garner support for the Palestinian leadership and Iraq’s Palestinian community. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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