Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

Monitoraggio attraverso i media internazionali delle elezioni in Israele del Febbraio 2009

Posts Tagged ‘Hamas’

Obama Calls for Swift Move Toward Mideast Peace Talks

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

IHT

By HELENE COOPER

Published: May 28, 2009

WASHINGTON — President Obama called on Israelis and Palestinians on Thursday to move swiftly toward peace talks, as his administration embarked on its first public dispute with Israel.

Speaking to reporters at the White House after talks with the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, Mr. Obama said that the absence of peace between Israelis and Palestinians was clogging up other critical issues in the Middle East. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Annunci

Posted in Palestinesi, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Misery Hangs Over Gaza Despite Pledges of Help

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 maggio, 2009

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 28, 2009

GAZA — Dozens of families still live in tents amid collapsed buildings and rusting pipes. With construction materials barred, a few are building mud-brick homes. Everything but food and medicine has to be smuggled through desert tunnels from Egypt. Among the items that people seek is an addictive pain reliever used to fight depression. Four months after Israel waged a war here to stop Hamas rocket fire and two years after Hamas took full control of this coastal strip, Gaza is like an island adrift. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Palestinians Try to Prune Branches of Core Party

Posted by claudiacampli su 21 maggio, 2009

NYT

By ETHAN BRONNER

Published: May 20, 2009

RAMALLAH, West Bank — There is the Central Committee and the Revolutionary Council, the Old Guard and the Young Guard. There are the insiders, the outsiders, the cell leaders, branch chiefs and district heads. And there is the Office of Mobilization and Discipline, also known as the Office of Indoctrination.

Fatah, the core of the Palestinian national movement for five decades, has the organizational transparency of a Soviet republic and was long run like one by its founder, Yasir Arafat. Talk of reform arose after his death five years ago and again when Hamas defeated it in legislative elections in 2006.

But shock after shock has done little to induce change. The movement has been paralyzed by competing personal alliances and a continuing identity crisis, and has not held a congress in 20 years. While the gap between the Fatah-led West Bank and the Hamas-led Gaza is widely recognized, less appreciated is that Fatah itself, which the West trains and helps, is so internally torn that it is scarcely able to negotiate or govern.

On Tuesday, Prime Minister Salam Fayyad announced a new government with greater Fatah representation among the ministers but little change in policy.

“We are on a sinking ship, and the leadership thinks it can save us by plugging a hole,” lamented Qaddoura Fares, a leading Fatah advocate of change and peace with Israel. “We have to wake up and stop lying to ourselves. We call ourselves a democratic movement, but what democratic movement hasn’t met in 20 years?”

If he and others succeed and Fatah reorganizes itself and successfully takes on Hamas in elections planned for 2010 in the West Bank and Gaza, prospects for a deal between Israel and a future state of Palestine could brighten considerably. But polls show that if elections were held now, Hamas would give Fatah a very close race.

“Fatah used to be a movement focused on armed struggle, but now we want to be an economic and social movement with good government that ends corruption and promotes democracy,” said Bassam Walweel, a political activist-turned-businessman who is also playing a role in trying to reshape the group. “We are committed to peace with Israel.”

The Palestine Liberation Organization has long been dominated by Fatah and includes some smaller factions. Hamas was created in the late 1980s and is not part of the P.L.O. But since taking the 2006 elections, it has become the rising force in Palestinian politics, prompting Fatah to think about reform. After a four-day battle in June of 2007, Hamas took over Gaza, and Fatah was left with the West Bank.

In the past year, each of 14 West Bank regions has elected a new Fatah chief, most of whom are college-educated and professionally engaged. They meet weekly and rotate the leadership to avoid power plays. In addition, Fatah has taken a lesson from Hamas, seeking to make an impact at a grass-roots level by opening a 24-hour satellite television station and providing free lunches and book bags for needy schoolchildren.

While most analysts and Fatah activists remain pessimistic that real change will occur soon, the continuing ferment for reform within is unmistakable.

Nearly every day in past weeks, Fatah activists have discussed ways to bring about the long-postponed congress aimed at producing new governing bodies and a fresh set of procedural and policy guidelines. The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, who is the head of Fatah, has promised activists that he would hold the congress on July 1 in the West Bank. Most predict that the deadline will be missed, but also agree that a congress is needed.

“It is highly unlikely that the congress can be postponed for long,” said Khalil Shikaki, a Ramallah-based political scientist and pollster. “It has to happen this year to prevent the Young Guard from revolting.”

Every element of the congress is a source of division — who attends, as well as when and where it should be held and what should be decided.

The new political activists, from within the West Bank and Gaza, want the number of delegates to run into the thousands, so that the aging leaders can be pushed aside. Many are hoping to elect Marwan Barghouti, who is in an Israeli prison, as the new leader. The membership committee, however, wants only 650 to be invited. Mr. Abbas has said the number should be around 1,500.

To hold the meeting in the West Bank, as Mr. Abbas wants, would be to strengthen the insiders, those in the West Bank and Gaza, as opposed to the outsiders, those living in places like Lebanon and Syria. But a West Bank venue also means that Israel, which controls the borders with the West Bank, would have veto power over which outsiders could come.

This poses a delicate dilemma for Israel. While it might in theory favor a strengthened and renewed Fatah as a future negotiating partner and Palestinian government, such an organization could also be more militant. It would also have to decide what to do about Mr. Barghouti if he were elected.

Many of the younger activists say that the men around Mr. Abbas are mistaken to take armed struggle off the table, especially after Israel’s attack on Gaza in January. At the same time, they say that if a deal were struck, they are the ones who could sell it to the street and make it stick.

“The current leadership doesn’t keep armed struggle as an option,” said Dimitri Y. Diliani, the Fatah spokesman for the Jerusalem area. “For us on the ground, we are in favor of political discourse to pursue national goals. But in case it doesn’t work in a certain time frame we should resort to other options, including armed resistance.”

If the congress were held in Egypt or Jordan, the authorities there could have undue influence over who attended and what was concluded.

The biggest question for Fatah is what exactly it stands for: whether to push for a unity government with Hamas or seek to defeat it; whether to accept compromise with Israel on issues like the Palestinian right of return, the borders of the new state and the status of Jerusalem.

For Israel and the United States, the problem is equally vexing. They have an interest in helping the nationalists to reform and hold their congress. But they also have to decide how much to help the new leaders, some of whom may end up becoming opponents if the peace negotiating process fails.

Posted in Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

President Obama tells Israel: stop expanding settlements

Posted by claudiacampli su 19 maggio, 2009

Times online

Tom Baldwin in Washington

 President Obama yesterday embarked on his most daunting diplomatic challenge yet by telling Israel to take “difficult steps” towards peace, allow a Palestinian state and halt settlement expansion on occupied land. His talks with Binyamin Netanyahu, Israel’s hardline Prime Minister, marked the start of an intensive focus on the Middle East. Mr Obama hopes to re-start a peace process that has stalled under a succession of US presidents. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Mondo Arabo, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Hamas-Fatah, accordo al Cairo sulle forze di sicurezza a Gaza

Posted by claudiacampli su 17 maggio, 2009

Repubblica

IL CAIRO – Importante passo avanti per la riconciliazione nazionale palestinese. Le due fazioni rivali di Hamas e Fatah hanno raggiunto un accordo al Cairo per la formazione di forze di sicurezza congiunte nella Striscia di Gaza fino al 2010. Lo riferiscono fonti di Fatah, la formazione del presidente dell’Anp Abu Mazen estromessa all’enclave costiera da un sanguinoso colpo di mano di Hamas nel giugno del 2007, citate dall’agenzia egiziana Mena.

“C’è stato un accordo di principio sulla formazione di una forza comune alle due fazioni per lavorare nella striscia di Gaza fino alle elezioni (che devono svolgersi) prima del prossimo 5 gennaio”, ha dichiarato Nabil Shaath un alto dirigente vicino ad Abu Mazen.

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World Watches for U.S. Shift on Mideast

Posted by claudiacampli su 17 maggio, 2009

May 17, 2009

WASHINGTON — Five weeks ago, President Obama stood before the Turkish legislature in Ankara and said many Americans had Muslims in their families or had lived in a Muslim-majority country. “I know,” he said, “because I am one of them.”

But will that exposure lead Mr. Obama to take a different tack from his predecessors in his dealings with Israel? Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Binyamin Netanyahu’s delicate balancing act with Barack Obama

Posted by claudiacampli su 16 maggio, 2009

Times

James Hider

When Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli Prime Minister, lands in Washington tomorrow he will have to attempt a delicate and complicated balancing act. His performance when he meets President Obama on Monday will have a profound effect on the Middle East for years to come. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in La scena Politica Israeliana | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

“A Gaza furono colpiti i civili” il rapporto Onu accusa Israele

Posted by claudiacampli su 6 maggio, 2009

Repubblica

di VINCENZO NIGRO

ROMA – Con una lettera al presidente di turno del Consiglio di sicurezza dell’Onu, il segretario generale Ban Ki-moon ha presentato una sintesi del rapporto sui “nove incidenti più gravi” accaduti durante l’operazione “Cast Lead” decisa da Israele alla fine del 2008 per fermare il lancio dei razzi Kassam da Gaza. Dal 27 dicembre al 19 gennaio 2009, data della tregua fra Israele e Hamas, molte scuole ed edifici dell’Onu a Gaza vennero colpite durante i combattimenti: dipendenti dell’Onu, ma anche civili rifugiati all’interno di scuole ed edifici delle Nazioni Unite furono uccisi o feriti da proiettili della IDF (Israel Defence Force). Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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UN report condemns over Gaza war

Posted by claudiacampli su 6 maggio, 2009

Times

James Bone in New York

A United Nations investigation yesterday accused Israel of “reckless disregard” for human life in using white phosphorus munitions that killed and injured Palestinians sheltering in a UN school during the Gaza war. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Il Quartetto | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Palestinian Rivals to Try Once More for an Accord

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 aprile, 2009

IHT

By TAGHREED EL-KHODARY and ISABEL KERSHNER

Published: April 28, 2009

CAIRO — The rival Palestinian groups Fatah and Hamas ended a fourth round of reconciliation talks here on Tuesday without success, but agreed to convene one more time to try to reach an accord.

Egypt, which has been mediating the talks, set May 15 as the new deadline for reaching an agreement, according to Moussa Abu Marzouk, a senior Hamas leader based in Damascus who participated in the meetings. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi, Piani di Pace | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »