Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

Monitoraggio attraverso i media internazionali delle elezioni in Israele del Febbraio 2009

Posts Tagged ‘Lega Araba’

Binyamin Netanyahu’s delicate balancing act with Barack Obama

Posted by claudiacampli su 16 maggio, 2009


James Hider

When Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli Prime Minister, lands in Washington tomorrow he will have to attempt a delicate and complicated balancing act. His performance when he meets President Obama on Monday will have a profound effect on the Middle East for years to come. Leggi il seguito di questo post »


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King Abdullah: ‘This is not a two-state solution, it is a 57-state solution’

Posted by claudiacampli su 11 maggio, 2009


Richard Beeston

How has the Pope’s visit gone? I

think it’s gone extremely well. I said to His Holiness that this is the right time. You’re coming here on a spiritual pilgrimage with a message of peace … as a signal of hope for what we’re planning to do on the political aspect. It is all part of one major effort. This is a critical crossroads that we need to take advantage of.

So this is good timing between your visit to Washington and before President Obama’s visit to Cairo?

I concentrated in my discussions with him on his being the spiritual dimension while I work on the politics of this. The trickle-down effect to the people has always been the challenge. So the message of reconciliation, the message of hope for the future of Jerusalem comes at a perfect time because there has been a flurry of activity over the past six weeks, after the Doha summit and what the Arab nations are doing as part of the Arab peace proposal. [Prime Minister Binyamin] Netanyahu’s expected visit to Washington next week will be the turning point. Obviously, I’m sure President Obama is keeping his cards close to his chest until he hears what Prime Minister Netanyahu has to say. I think the President is committed to the two-state solution. He is committed to the two-state solution now. He feels the urgency of the need to move today. Because we’re not working for peace in a vacuum, with others not there. So this is a critical moment.

A cynic might say, we’ve had the Annapolis peace conference, we’ve had the road map for peace, the Arab initiative, almost a decade with no results. What’s the difference now?

Four or five decades!There are two major factors. We are sick and tired of the process. We are talking about direct negotiations. That is a major point. We are approaching this in a regional context. You could say through the Arab peace proposal. The Americans see this as we do and I think the Europeans. Britain is playing a very vital pro-active role, more than I have ever seen in the ten years of my experience in bringing people together. What we are talking about is not Israelis and Palestinians sitting at the table, but Israelis sitting with Palestinians, Israelis sitting with Syrians, Israelis sitting with Lebanese. And with the Arabs and the Muslim world lined up to open direct negotiations with Israelis at the same time. So it’s the work that needs to be done over the next couple of months that has a regional answer to this — that is not a two-state solution, it is a 57-state solution. That is the tipping point that shakes up Israeli politicians and the Israeli public. Do you want to stay Fortress Israel for the next ten years? The calamity that that would bring to all of us, including the West? This has become a global problem. We are saying to the Israelis that this is an issue that is far bigger than you Israelis and the Palestinians. This is where I think the Obama Administration gets it. I am very, very concerned about having a conference in six months’ time, and another one in a year’s time, that doesn’t work. I think we’re going to have to do a lot of shuttle diplomacy, get people to a table in the next couple of months to get a solution.

So you are front-loading an offer to the Israelis that says if a deal is done, these are the people who will be making peace with you, whom you will be having embassies with and whom you will be trading with?

If you consider that a third of the world does not recognise Israel — 57 nations of the United Nations do not recognise Israel, a third of the world — their international relationships can’t be all that good. More countries recognise North Korea than Israel. That is a very strong statement when we are offering a third of the world to meet them with open arms. The future is not the Jordan river or the Golan Heights or Sinai, the future is Morocco in the Atlantic to Indonesia in the Pacific. I think that’s the prize.

There have been reports that the Americans have asked you to clarify certain parts of the Arab initiative, in particular the status of Jerusalem and the future of Palestinian refugees.

I was very specific in carrying a letter on behalf of the Arab League highlighting the Arab peace proposal, their desire to work with President Obama to make this successful, their commitment to extending the hand of friendship to the Israelis and a lot of other things that we could probably do for the world.

Are these reports malicious? I

t’s hard to say. I’d like to think they’re not malicious, it’s just people with a lot of extra time on their hands. The speculation is very far from reality.

You have a very right-wing Government in Israel which does not even accept a two-state solution. How do you overcome that?

We have to deal with what we’re stuck with. Just because there is a right-wing government in Israel does not mean that we should chuck in the towel. There are a lot of American Jews and Israelis who tell me that it takes a right-wing Israeli government to do it. I said, I hope so! Netanyahu has a lot on his shoulders as he goes to Washington. I think the international atmosphere is not going to be in favour of wasting time; it is going to be very much “we are getting sick and tired of this”. Here is one final opportunity. If the only player in this equation between the West, the Arabs and the Muslims that is not being helpful and is against peace is Israel, then let’s call it for what it is. Let Israel understand that the world sees Israeli policy for what it is.

Have you dealt with Netanyahu before?

I had three months with the overlap [after the death of King Hussein]. These were probably the least pleasant of my ten years. However, a lot has happened in the last ten years and we are looking at the bigger picture, and looking for what’s best for Israel, which I believe is the two-state solution.

How a bout Jerusalem?

It is not an international problem, it is an international solution. Jerusalem unfortunately has been a symbol of conflict for so many centuries. From the start of this new century what we desperately need is for Jerusalem to become a symbol of hope. How do you encourage the three monotheistic religions to make Jerusalem into a pillar for the future of this century? I am sensing a lot more maturity and understanding in these troubled times of cultural and religious suspicions that Jerusalem could be a binder that we need.

Do you think you can bring Syria on board?

The Syrians definitely see the benefit of peace negotiations with Israel, and I’m hoping in my discussions with their foreign minister on my visit to Damascus tomorrow that they understand that this is a regional approach, because I strongly believe that a bilateral approach between Israel and Syria would be used by one or the other side to waste time. I think that this regional approach that Obama is looking at and which is endorsed by all of us, of getting all three of them at the table at the same time, sends a powerful message to Israel and a powerful commitment to solving the Lebanese and Syrian problems at the same time. So there is a tremendous opportunity for Syria to benefit from the regional context of this and ingratiate itself into the West. So it is my real hope that they see how the dynamic approach has changed and they see this as part of a team. There is hope now that it’s a win-win situation for everyone. What’s good for the Palestinians is good for the Syrians, is good for the Lebanese.

Isn’t this a reversal of the traditional policy of Syria of wanting a comprehensive solution?

Well, they said that but they didn’t mean it. The comprehensive approach is the only way.

Netanyahu is going to Cairo and Washington. How do you see the process moving forward?

The critical juncture will be what comes out of the Obama-Netanyahu meeting. If there is procrastination by Israel on the two-state solution or there is no clear American vision for how this is going to play out in 2009, then all the tremendous credibility that Obama has worldwide and in this region will evaporate overnight if nothing comes out in May. All eyes will be looking to Washington in May. If there are no clear signals and no clear directives to all of us, then there will be a feeling that this is just another American government that is going to let us all down.

If you don’t succeed in your peace plans, will it matter?

We’re going to have a war. Leading up to the Lebanese war, I said there was going to be a conflict with Israel. I said it four or five months before. I said it would happen either in Lebanon or Gaza. It was Lebanon. In November, I said there would be another war in Lebanon or Gaza. I thought it would happen when Obama was in office but was surprised by it happening a month earlier. If we delay our peace negotiations, then there’s going to be another conflict between Arabs or Muslims and Israel in the next 12 to 18 months — as sure as the other conflicts happened. So that’s the alternative — to have another round of war, and death and destruction. But its implications now resonate far beyond the Middle East region. There are other challenges in Afghanistan and Pakistan. We have a lot more on our plate to deal with. If the call is in May that this is not the right time or we are not interested, then the world is going to be sucked into another conflict in the Middle East.

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Jordan’s king urges ‘immediate’ Pan-Arab peace move

Posted by claudiacampli su 11 aprile, 2009


Jordan’s King Abdullah II on Saturday urged an “immediate” pan-Arab move that has the aim of re-launching “serious” Arab-Israeli peace negotiations on the basis of the two-state formula. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Razzista? Con Barak il governo sarà kosher

Posted by Folco Zaffalon su 1 aprile, 2009

di Uri Avnery
ISRAELE – Il Manifesto

Con l’aggiunta cosmetica dei laburisti l’esecutivo vuole continuare la colonizzazione della Palestina. Ma gli Stati uniti hanno svoltato a sinistra e potrebbero rappresentare un macigno sulla strada dell’ultradestra che ha preso il potere a Tel Aviv e mettere in dubbio la «relazione speciale» tra i due paesi Il ministro della difesa cerca di nascondere il balzo a destra
Il nuovo governo d’Israele è l’esecutivo di Biberman (Bibi Netanyahu e Avigdor Lieberman)? O forse di Bibarak (Bibi e Ehud Barak)? Nessuno dei due. È il governo di Bibiyahu. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in La scena Politica Israeliana, Labour e Sinistra israeliana, Piani di Pace, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Analysis: Arab summit in Qatar – a demonstration of weakness

Posted by Andrea Pompozzi su 1 aprile, 2009

Apr. 1, 2009

The yearly gathering of Arab leaders which took place this week in Doha was supposed to be a summit of reconciliation; instead it laid bare the depth of the chasm in the Arab world, which was revealed in all its helplessness.

Scheduled to run for two days – March 30 and 31 – it closed its doors at the end of the first day. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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With Isolation Over, Syria Is Happy to Talk

Posted by gaetanoditommaso su 28 marzo, 2009

DAMASCUS, Syria — Only a year ago, this country’s government was being vilified as a dangerous pariah. The United States and its Arab allies mounted a vigorous campaign to isolate Syria, which they accused of sowing chaos and violence throughout the region through its support for militant groups like Hezbollah and Hamas.

Today, Syria seems to be coming in from the cold. A flurry of diplomatic openings with the West and Arab neighbors has raised hopes of a chastened and newly flexible Syrian leadership that could help stabilize the region. But Syria has its own priorities, and a series of upheavals here — including Israel’s recent war in Gaza — make it difficult to say where this new dialogue will lead.

It is not just a matter of the Obama administration’s new policy of engagement. President Nicolas Sarkozy of France led the way with a visit here last September. King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, who was said to be furious at the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, welcomed him warmly in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, this month. Photographs of the two men smiling and shaking hands have been on the front pages of all the major Arab newspapers, along with frequent headlines about the “Arab reconciliation.”

At the root of these changes is Syria’s alliance with Iran. Saudi Arabia and the other major Sunni Arab nations once hoped to push Syria away from Iran through isolation, and now — like President Obama — they appear to be trying sweeter tactics. For the Syrians, the turnabout is proof that their ties with Iran are in fact useful, and accord them an indispensable role as a regional broker. Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries “have great stakes in maintaining good relations between Syria and Iran, because at difficult times they will find Syria helping them,” said Faisal Mekdad, Syria’s vice minister of foreign affairs, during an interview here. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Intervista di Repubblica con Bashar al-Assad

Posted by claudiacampli su 18 marzo, 2009


DAMASCO – “Oggi l’America è un gigante militare, ma immensamente fragile sotto il profilo politico. Obama dovrà restaurare la credibilità degli Stati Uniti. I primi passi sono incoraggianti”.

“Col disimpegno dall’Iraq, la volontà di pace, la chiusura di Guantanamo, lui si rivela un uomo di parola. Se questa però sia una svolta storica, è presto per dirlo. Una certezza c’è: dopo la notte dell’Amministrazione Bush, adesso si torna a sperare. Del resto con Israele siamo stati a un soffio da un accordo, e con l’Iran io sono pronto a mediare”.

Il presidente Bashar al-Assad ci riceve alle prime luci del mattino nello studio privato sul monte Qassiun. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Clinton says two-state solution ‘inescapable’ for Middle East

Posted by claudiacampli su 3 marzo, 2009


Hillary Clinton threw herself into the turmoil of the Middle East crisis today, backing the creation of a Palestinian state despite opposition from the incoming Israeli government, and dispatching high-level envoys to Syria to feel out the opportunities for regional talks.

At the same, Arab leaders met after a Gaza donors summit that Mrs Clinton had also attended in Egypt to urge unity in the face of the threat of a nuclear Iran, a fear that may push them into a more conciliatory position towards Israel, which also views Iran as the principle regional danger.

Mrs Clinton met with Tzipi Livni, Israel’s Foreign Minister, and like her urged continued dialogue with the Palestinian Authority to create an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

“We happen to believe that moving towards a two-state solution is in Israel’s best interests,” Mrs Clinton said. The new administration of President Barack Obama “will be vigorously engaged” in pursuing that goal, she said.

Ms Livni said her US counterpart – on her first official visit to the Middle East since taking up her new post — had “shown a deep understanding of the needs of Israel.”

However, Ms Livni narrowly missed out on the chance of heading a new government after last month’s elections, and Mrs Clinton will in future be dealing with the right-wing Likud leader Binyamin Netanyahu, who has refused to endorse the idea of a two-state solution and openly rejected the last round of peace talks initiated by the Bush government.

Mr Netanyahu, who is forming a far-Right government which Ms Livni has so far refused to join, was again elusive as to his intentions after meeting with Mrs Clinton. “Our shared goal is the need for creative thinking to move forward and out of the maze,” he said, adding that he had raised what he considers Israel’s most serious threat, Iran, in the discussions.

Mr Netanyahu and others on the Right warn that a Palestinian state could pose a threat to Israeli security, pointing to the example of Gaza, which Israel left in 2005 but whose Islamist rulers Hamas – backed by Tehran – continue to fire rockets at Israel. Hamas, which refuses to recognise Israel as a state, has said it will not halt its attacks until Israel ends a longstanding blockade that has crippled the coastal strip

Many Palestinians are also losing hope in a two-state solution, pointing to the relentless expansion of Jewish settlements in the West Bank even under Ms Livni’s outgoing government.

A report this week by Peace Now, the leading Israeli anti-settlement group, said that the Israeli housing ministry had plans to build 73,000 more housing units in land that Israel conquered in the 1967 war, which would double the number of settlers and seriously impede any plans for an independent Palestinian state. Mr Netanyahu has said he would not freeze settlement expansion, and would offer only an “economic peace” to the Palestinians, with Israeli forces retaining security control of much of their land.

To deflect US pressure on him, Mr Netanyahu is widely expected to focus on talks with Syria, which Washington wants to hive off from its main regional ally Iran – now believed by US military chiefs to have enough uranium for a nuclear bomb.

A day after Mrs Clinton gave her Syrian counterpart a surprise handshake at the Gaza donors conference in Egypt, she announced she was dispatching two senior envoys to Damascus for preliminary conversations, reversing years of US isolation under President Bush, who labelled Syria part of his infamous “axis of evil.”

“We have no way to predict what the future with our relations concerning Syria might be,” Mrs Clinton said. The two envoys will be Jeffrey Feltman, acting assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs, and Dan Shapiro of the White House’s National Security Council.

In a sign that Mrs Clinton may be starting to invigorate a more regional approach to the challenge of Iran, Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister, Prince Saud al-Faisal, urged a meeting of the Arab League to seriously consider ways of confronting Iran as it develops its nuclear capabilities. Many Gulf states are wary of Iran’s spreading regional influence and the power it exerts over Arab militias such as Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in Gaza, as well as Syria.

“In order to cement Arab reconciliation we need a common vision for issues that concern Arab security and deal with the Iranian challenge,” including its nuclear drive, the prince said.

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Arab League: Rightist Israel coalition will at least say no to our face

Posted by gaetanoditommaso su 19 febbraio, 2009


19 February 2009

The Arab League chief accused Israel of talking peace, while at the same time actively working to expand settlements and “create new facts on the ground” that ultimately aim to change the region’s demographics.

“Perhaps a right-wing government led by Benjamin Netanyahu will say ‘no’ to our face, as opposed to the sophisticated way of refusal the current government, which calls itself left or center-left, employs,” said Moussa.

According to Moussa, the Palestinian people also view the peace process with pessimism. “The fact is that there is already talk among some Palestinians of one state for two peoples,” said Moussa. “The solution of two states for two people cannot be seen on the horizon.”

The Arab peace initiative calls for Israel’s withdrawal to 1967 lines in exchange for recognition of Israel and normalization of relations by all Arab states. It also says the issue of Palestinian refugees should be solved in accordance with United Nations resolution 194, which calls for refugees to be allowed to return to their homes in Israel or receive compensation.


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Gaza crisis keeps Arabs from solving other issues

Posted by claudiacampli su 22 gennaio, 2009


Thursday, January 22, 2009

KUWAIT: Two and a half years ago, a group of Arab leaders decided it was time to try to set aside their political differences and deal with what was ailing their countries: widespread illiteracy, ineffective schools, unemployment, inadequate water and food resources.

So they called for a summit meeting to be held in Kuwait this week. The plan was for the 22 members of the Arab League to agree on concrete ways to improve the lives of their 330 million citizens. Instead they bickered over how to handle the crisis in Gaza. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »