Rassegna Stampa Elezioni Israeliane 2009

Monitoraggio attraverso i media internazionali delle elezioni in Israele del Febbraio 2009

Posts Tagged ‘ricostruzione’

Clinton says two-state solution ‘inescapable’ for Middle East

Posted by claudiacampli su 3 marzo, 2009


Hillary Clinton threw herself into the turmoil of the Middle East crisis today, backing the creation of a Palestinian state despite opposition from the incoming Israeli government, and dispatching high-level envoys to Syria to feel out the opportunities for regional talks.

At the same, Arab leaders met after a Gaza donors summit that Mrs Clinton had also attended in Egypt to urge unity in the face of the threat of a nuclear Iran, a fear that may push them into a more conciliatory position towards Israel, which also views Iran as the principle regional danger.

Mrs Clinton met with Tzipi Livni, Israel’s Foreign Minister, and like her urged continued dialogue with the Palestinian Authority to create an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

“We happen to believe that moving towards a two-state solution is in Israel’s best interests,” Mrs Clinton said. The new administration of President Barack Obama “will be vigorously engaged” in pursuing that goal, she said.

Ms Livni said her US counterpart – on her first official visit to the Middle East since taking up her new post — had “shown a deep understanding of the needs of Israel.”

However, Ms Livni narrowly missed out on the chance of heading a new government after last month’s elections, and Mrs Clinton will in future be dealing with the right-wing Likud leader Binyamin Netanyahu, who has refused to endorse the idea of a two-state solution and openly rejected the last round of peace talks initiated by the Bush government.

Mr Netanyahu, who is forming a far-Right government which Ms Livni has so far refused to join, was again elusive as to his intentions after meeting with Mrs Clinton. “Our shared goal is the need for creative thinking to move forward and out of the maze,” he said, adding that he had raised what he considers Israel’s most serious threat, Iran, in the discussions.

Mr Netanyahu and others on the Right warn that a Palestinian state could pose a threat to Israeli security, pointing to the example of Gaza, which Israel left in 2005 but whose Islamist rulers Hamas – backed by Tehran – continue to fire rockets at Israel. Hamas, which refuses to recognise Israel as a state, has said it will not halt its attacks until Israel ends a longstanding blockade that has crippled the coastal strip

Many Palestinians are also losing hope in a two-state solution, pointing to the relentless expansion of Jewish settlements in the West Bank even under Ms Livni’s outgoing government.

A report this week by Peace Now, the leading Israeli anti-settlement group, said that the Israeli housing ministry had plans to build 73,000 more housing units in land that Israel conquered in the 1967 war, which would double the number of settlers and seriously impede any plans for an independent Palestinian state. Mr Netanyahu has said he would not freeze settlement expansion, and would offer only an “economic peace” to the Palestinians, with Israeli forces retaining security control of much of their land.

To deflect US pressure on him, Mr Netanyahu is widely expected to focus on talks with Syria, which Washington wants to hive off from its main regional ally Iran – now believed by US military chiefs to have enough uranium for a nuclear bomb.

A day after Mrs Clinton gave her Syrian counterpart a surprise handshake at the Gaza donors conference in Egypt, she announced she was dispatching two senior envoys to Damascus for preliminary conversations, reversing years of US isolation under President Bush, who labelled Syria part of his infamous “axis of evil.”

“We have no way to predict what the future with our relations concerning Syria might be,” Mrs Clinton said. The two envoys will be Jeffrey Feltman, acting assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs, and Dan Shapiro of the White House’s National Security Council.

In a sign that Mrs Clinton may be starting to invigorate a more regional approach to the challenge of Iran, Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister, Prince Saud al-Faisal, urged a meeting of the Arab League to seriously consider ways of confronting Iran as it develops its nuclear capabilities. Many Gulf states are wary of Iran’s spreading regional influence and the power it exerts over Arab militias such as Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in Gaza, as well as Syria.

“In order to cement Arab reconciliation we need a common vision for issues that concern Arab security and deal with the Iranian challenge,” including its nuclear drive, the prince said.


Posted in La scena Politica Israeliana, Mondo Arabo, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mideast envoy Tony Blair visits Gaza

Posted by Andrea Pompozzi su 1 marzo, 2009

Mar. 1, 2009
JPost.com staff and AP , THE JERUSALEM POST

Mideast envoy Tony Blair visited Gaza on Sunday morning to discuss reconstruction efforts in the territory.

“I wanted to come to hear for myself first-hand from people in Gaza, whose lives have been so badly impacted by the recent conflict,” Blair said at a UN-run school in the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanun. “These are the people who need to be the focus of all our efforts for peace and progress from now on.” Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Il Quartetto | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

EU foreign policy chief tours Gaza

Posted by claudiacampli su 28 febbraio, 2009


By Taghreed El-Khodary and Isabel Kershner

Published: February 27, 2009

CAIRO: Javier Solana, the European Union foreign policy chief, toured the war-torn Gaza Strip on Friday – the highest-ranking European official to visit the territory since it was overrun by Hamas militants nearly two years ago.

Solana’s visit to Gaza was a sign of increasing international engagement in the long-isolated Palestinian enclave.

His tour comes amid a flurry of talks on an Israel-Hamas truce, reconciliation between Palestinian factions and donations for Gaza’s reconstruction after Israel’s devastating offensive. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Palestinian factions agree on unity

Posted by alicemarziali su 26 febbraio, 2009

AL JAZEERA INTERNATIONAL Palestinian factions have agreed to establish five committees to address key issues for unity.

The Egyptian-brokered talks in Cairo between 12 Palestinian factions began on Thursday and follow 18 months of disharmony between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

At a news conference after the talks Ahmed Qurei, a senior Fatah official, said that the moves were a “national necessity and a response to the aspirations of our people.” Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Reprise du dialogue entre le Fatah et le Hamas au Caire

Posted by alicemarziali su 26 febbraio, 2009

près plusieurs tentatives infructueuses, les deux partis palestiniens rivaux, le Hamas et le Fatah, se sont rencontrés, “dans un climat positif et prometteur”, mercredi 25 février, au Caire, en Egypte, pour tenter d’ouvrir la voie vers une réconciliation nationale.

C’est la première fois, depuis le coup de force du Hamas à la mi-juin 2007 et l’éviction du Fatah de la bande de Gaza, qu’ils se retrouvent, sous l’égide de la médiation égyptienne. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Les Palestiniens demandent 2,8 milliards de dollars pour Gaza

Posted by alicemarziali su 25 febbraio, 2009


Le premier ministre palestinien Salam Fayyad a annoncé, mercredi 25 février, que l’Autorité palestinienne solliciterait 2,8 milliards de dollars pour la reconstruction de Gaza lors d’une conférence des donateurs prévue lundi en Egypte.

L’Egypte a annoncé fin janvier qu’elle organiserait une conférence des donateurs pour Gaza le 2 mars, soulignant que plus de 70 pays y seront représentés. Les Etats-Unis ont précisé la semaine dernière qu’ils seront représentés à un niveau “élevé”. La secrétaire d’Etat américaine, Hillary Clinton, qui doit participer trois jours plus tard à une réunion ministérielle de l’OTAN à Bruxelles, pourrait effectuer ces deux visites au cours du même voyage. Selon l’édition du 24 février du New York Times, le gouvernement américain pourrait débourser 900 millions de dollars pour aider à la reconstruction de la bande de Gaza. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Mondo Arabo, Palestinesi, Usa/Israele | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

U.S. to give $900 million in aid to Gaza

Posted by claudiacampli su 24 febbraio, 2009

Tuesday, February 24, 2009

WASHINGTON: The Obama administration intends to provide some $900 million to help rebuild Gaza after the Israeli incursion that ended last month, administration officials said Monday.

In an early sign of how the administration plans to deal with Hamas, the militant Islamist group that controls Gaza, an official said that the aid would not go to Hamas but would be funneled through nongovernmental organizations. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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Analysis: In a Palestinian unity gov’t, Hamas wins

Posted by Andrea Pompozzi su 23 febbraio, 2009

Feb. 23, 2009
Khaled Abu Toameh , THE JERUSALEM POST

Even if Hamas agrees to form a unity government with Fatah, this does not mean that the Islamist movement would change its overall strategy or soften its position on the Israeli-Arab conflict.

Barring last-minute obstacles, reconciliation talks are slated to be launched in Cairo this week between representatives of Hamas and Fatah in a bid to reach agreement on the formation of a new Palestinian unity government.

The talks are not aimed at persuading Hamas to change its ideology or recognize Israel’s right to exist or renounce terrorism.

Instead, they are designed to find a formula that would allow the two parties to sit together in a unity government whose primary mission would be to rebuild, with the help of the international community, houses and institutions in the Gaza Strip that were destroyed during Operation Cast Lead.

Fatah leaders have already made it clear that they are not going to the talks to ask Hamas to make any “political concessions.”

These leaders stressed that the talks are mainly aimed at resolving their differences with Hamas and establishing a unity government as a way of lifting the blockade that was imposed on the Gaza Strip after the movement came to power in January 2006.

Hamas spokesmen, on the other hand, have made it clear that the movement’s participation in any future government with Fatah should not be seen as a step toward “moderation.”

As a Hamas legislator in the Gaza Strip explained on Monday: “If anyone thinks that Hamas is going to give up its principles and ideology in return for ministerial posts or international aid, they are mistaken.”

He pointed out that if Hamas really wanted to change its policies, it could have done so three years ago. Then, the international community set three conditions for dealing with the newly elected Hamas regime: renounce violence, recognize Israel and accept all agreements signed between Israel and the PLO.

“Then we said no and we continue to say no today,” the Hamas representative said. “We haven’t changed and we’re not going to change just to make [Palestinian Authority President] Mahmoud Abbas happy.”

He and other Hamas representatives said that they were nevertheless not opposed to the idea of forming a unity government with Fatah “because of the huge challenges facing the Palestinian people.”

In other words, Hamas is saying that it will form a unity government with Fatah only because the new reality on the ground and the results of the Israeli general elections require that the Palestinians close ranks.

Both Hamas and Fatah realize that the only way to persuade the international community to contribute to the reconstruction work in the Gaza Strip is by ending their continued power struggle and forming a unity government.

Ever since the war ended, the two parties have been engaged in a bitter power struggle over who’s in charge of rebuilding the Gaza Strip – bickering that has prompted many countries to delay sending financial and humanitarian aid to the Palestinians there.

Hamas and Fatah are also worried about the rise of right-wing parties in Israel’s recent general election.

Both factions expect a right-wing coalition led by Likud Chairman Binyamin Netanyahu and Israel Beiteinu leader Avigdor Lieberman to escalate tensions in the region by launching an all-out military offensive in the Gaza Strip.

Ibrahim Abu al-Naja, a senior Fatah official, said over the weekend that the latest political developments in Israel, namely the probable rise of Netanyahu to power, require that his faction join forces with Hamas.

Another Fatah leader claimed on Monday that a Likud-led coalition would signal the “death of the peace process.”

This, he said, would “undermine the Palestinian Authority and boost Hamas.”

At present, the prospects of establishing a Hamas-Fatah government appear to be slim, as the gap between the two sides appears to be as wide as ever. The propaganda war between the two parties is still raging despite efforts to create a better atmosphere ahead of the Cairo talks.

Moreover, Hamas on Monday threw a bombshell by announcing that it has arrested Fatah security officers who allegedly helped the IDF during the war in the Gaza Strip.

Some of the suspects even made televised “confessions,” saying their Fatah handlers in Ramallah had recruited them to gather information about the movements and whereabouts of Hamas members.

The Hamas allegations were strongly condemned by Abbas’s top aide and unofficial spokesman, Yasser Abed Rabbo, who rushed to accuse Hamas of seeking to sabotage the Cairo reconciliation discussions.

In any case, a new Palestinian unity government would mean victory for Hamas for two reasons: one, the movement would not be required to make any major political concessions and, two, a unity government would turn the movement into a legitimate and internationally recognized player in the Palestinian arena.

Ironically, the same forces that have been working so hard over the past three years to delegitimize Hamas are now helping the movement win the international recognition that it is so desperate to gain.


Posted in Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Gazans fear Fatah-Hamas split could sabotage Gaza reconstruction

Posted by claudiacampli su 22 febbraio, 2009


Amira Hass

An apolitical group of community activists, businessmen and academics in the Gaza Strip is worried that Fatah-Hamas rivalries will undermine the Strip’s reconstruction.

Both Fatah, which controls the West Bank, and Hamas, which controls Gaza, have announced separate plans to repair the damages of last month’s Israeli operation in Gaza. The new association plans to urge them to either form a joint leadership for the reconstruction effort or establish a steering committee comprised of “respected, professional and noncorrupt community representatives” to oversee the work. Leggi il seguito di questo post »

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La difficile reconstruction de Gaza

Posted by alicemarziali su 19 febbraio, 2009

le monde

Ils ont été baptisés “Camp de la résistance” ou “Camp de la fierté”. La pluie les a transformés en bourbiers. Les tentes prennent l’eau. Le froid les transperce. Personne ne veut y dormir. Il n’y a pas d’électricité. Juste un grand réservoir d’eau en plastique, une mosquée de toile et des abris pour l’aide humanitaire de l’Unicef (le Fonds des Nations unies pour l’enfance) ou de l’Unrwa (l’Agence des Nations unies pour les réfugiés palestiniens). Leggi il seguito di questo post »

Posted in Conflittualità, Palestinesi | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | Leave a Comment »